Acute Otitis Media Update- Pharmacist

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  Credits  1.5

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Acute otitis media (AOM), characterized by the rapid onset of symptoms such as ear pain and fever, is one of the most common childhood infections. It is the leading reason for both doctor office visits (aside from well child visits) and antibiotic prescriptions for children. An estimated 60% to 80% of infants have at least 1 episode of AOM by 12 months of age, and up to 90% have had an episode by 2 to 3 years of age. Most cases occur between the ages of 6 months and 24 months. Infants with AOM during the first 6 months of life are more likely to have frequent episodes during the next few years. In recent decades, there has been a decrease in doctor office visits for AOM. The reasons for this decline are not clear, but may include the introduction of new PCV pneumococcal vaccines, more widespread influenza vaccination (see Prevention Through Immunization, below) and public education about unnecessary antibiotic use, resulting in fewer visits for mild ear infections. More healthcare providers may also be following the “watchful waiting” recommendations that were advocated in the 2004 American Academy of Pediatrics and American Academy of Family Physicians (AAP/AAFP) otitis media guideline. In 2013, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) released a new guideline for the diagnosis and management of AOM in children 6 months through 12 years of age. The new guideline focuses on more stringent, objective criteria for AOM diagnosis. Observation rather than antibiotic initiation in selected cases continues to be emphasized in the 2013 guideline, including in selected children younger than 2 years old. The appropriate choice of antibiotic, based on the changing microbiology of AOM, is also emphasized. This issue reviews key points in the new guideline, along with the basic pathophysiology, risk factors, and prevention of AOM. Community providers have an important role in educating parents and caregivers about the best management strategies for AOM, including the avoidance of unnecessary antibiotic use.

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Course Information

Target Audience

Pharm/Nurse Drug Therapy

Knowledge Level

General Overview

This activity will apply to a broad range of learning needs/pharmacy settings. It may include common disease state/therapy overivews and/or general pharmacy needs such as medication errors, immunizations, or law topics.

Learning Objectives

Course Accreditation

  • Activity Type:
    Knowledge
  • CE Broker
  • Universal Activity Number:
    Pharmacist : 0428-0000-14-005-H01-P
PharmCon is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education as a provider of continuing pharmacy education.

PharmCon, Inc. is an approved course provider for continuing education for nurses by the Florida Board of Nursing. PharmCon is also recognized by the California Board of Nursing as a provider of nursing programs.

In order to obtain a Statement of Credit, attendees must answer poll questions where presented and complete a program evaluation. Attendees may immediately print their Statement of Credit or leave them stored on the website.

Technology Requirements

  • Hardware Requirements
    Standard Windows/Mac System
    iPad or iPhone
    Minimum screen resolution: 1024x768
    Speakers or headphones
  • Software Requirements
    Standard Windows/Mac System
    iPad or iPhone
    Minimum screen resolution: 1024x768
    Speakers or headphones
  • Network Requirements
    Broadband Internet Connection:
    T1, Hi-speed DSL or Cable
    4G cellular connection
Computer sharing is NOT permitted due to accreditation guidelines on activity monitoring. Credit is earned by one user per device.