Managing Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Adults- Pharmacist

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  Credits  1.5

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Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), also known as community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (CABP), is an infection of the lungs that is acquired outside of the hospital setting. Lower respiratory infections including CAP are the leading cause of death from infectious disease in the world. In the US, there were 1.3 million emergency department visits and 49,157 deaths attributed to pneumonia in 2017. When combined with influenza, pneumonia was the eighth leading cause of death in the US. In the elderly, CAP has a higher burden of hospitalization and total cost than heart attack, stroke, and fractures combined. It is linked to 1.5 million hospitalizations in adults each year, with an estimated mortality rate of 6.5% during hospitalization. In October of 2019, the American Thoracic Society, along with the Infectious Diseases Society of America, published an updated guideline on the diagnosis and treatment of adults with CAP. This guideline is the long-awaited update to the 2007 version published by the same groups. This update does not provide recommendations for managing foreign travelers or patients who are immunocompromised (eg, patients receiving cancer chemotherapy, bone marrow transplant recipients, HIV patients, etc). Notable changes to the guideline include the removal of the healthcare-associated pneumonia category, the use of empiric amoxicillin monotherapy for outpatients with no coexisting conditions (eg, chronic, lung, heart, liver, or kidney disease; diabetes, asplenia, malignancy, or alcoholism), and the use of macrolide monotherapy only if local resistance rates are less than 25%. This issue summarizes the causes, risk factors, and current treatment recommendations for CAP in adults. The 2019 guideline was released before the pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus(SARS CoV-2). The guideline and this issue do not include information on managing CAP in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
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Course Information

Target Audience

Pharmacist

Author
Ann Lloyd
PharmD, BCPS-AQ ID, BCIDP
Knowledge Level

General Overview

This activity will apply to a broad range of learning needs/pharmacy settings. It may include common disease state/therapy overivews and/or general pharmacy needs such as medication errors, immunizations, or law topics.

Learning Objectives

  • Describe the most common pathogens implicated in CAP, along with risk factors for resistant organisms.
  • Discuss the treatment options for CAP, taking into consideration coexisting conditions and severity of illness.
  • Counsel patients on potential side effects of the antibiotics recommended for treatment and strategies for the prevention of CAP.

Course Accreditation

  • Activity Type:
    Knowledge
  • CE Broker
    876798
  • Universal Activity Number:
    Pharmacist : 0798-0000-21-191-H01-P
PharmCon is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education as a provider of continuing pharmacy education.

PharmCon, Inc. is an approved course provider for continuing education for nurses by the Florida Board of Nursing. PharmCon is also recognized by the California Board of Nursing as a provider of nursing programs.

In order to obtain a Statement of Credit, attendees must answer poll questions where presented and complete a program evaluation. Attendees may immediately print their Statement of Credit or leave them stored on the website.

Technology Requirements

  • Hardware Requirements
    Standard Windows/Mac System
    iPad or iPhone
    Minimum screen resolution: 1024x768
    Speakers or headphones
  • Software Requirements
    Standard Windows/Mac System
    iPad or iPhone
    Minimum screen resolution: 1024x768
    Speakers or headphones
  • Network Requirements
    Broadband Internet Connection:
    T1, Hi-speed DSL or Cable
    4G cellular connection
Computer sharing is NOT permitted due to accreditation guidelines on activity monitoring. Credit is earned by one user per device.